The brief stated that structure can be any form of interconnected objects that support or provide shape. In response to this, I created a collage full of pictures representing structure in different ways including physical structure, biological structure, chemical structure, structure of buildings and even musical composition.
STRUCTURE & SURFACE
We were given a research task to be completed by Monday. In this research task we were told to gather and print at least 15 images representing structures and surfaces, as well as bring at least 5 sheets of different type of materials that we plan to use for model making. It is essential that we completed this research task, as next week we will be using structure and surface as the basis for experimental model making and design development. So by collecting images before hand will give a sense of inspiration for designing our product, building and/or jewelry.
I started off my surface research with something that we are all familiar with such as fabric, rope, sand, water and concrete. Then looked for the surface of objects that are both naturally occur and manmade by considering the qualities and properties of these materials eg. elasticity, fragility and malleability. I then focused on the close up photography of fruit and vegetable as they have a range of textures, colours and patterns.
I was most interested in the geometric forms and shapes and the fact that they are used in the majority of products and buildings design. Nonetheless, I mainly focused on the triangle, as it is one of the strongest shapes in the world. Everyone knows that triangle is used in the construction of buildings, however do you ever notice that nearly every structure (objects) are triangularly shaped. Their physical structure may not be triangular, but some of the components are. Why triangle? Because triangle does not easily deform and is able to balance the stretching and compressive forces inside the structure. It is the simplest geometric figure that will not change shape when the lengths of the sides are fixed. In comparison, both the angles and the lengths of a four-sided figure must be fixed for it to retain its shape. http://www.creativebloq.com/graphic-design/geometric-patterns-11135236
VISITING V&A FURNITURE COLLECTION
BOOKWORM design by Ron Arad
materials: Batch-dyed PVC
This is a mass produced bookcase that comes rolled up in a box, fitting so it can be mounted on the wall. The unique property of this design is that it allows users to individually adapt the shape of the final piece. When hung on a wall the curved shape of the Bookworm can be manipulated by changing the position of the brackets.
After looking at the furniture design, I then look into the materials that are commonly used in the manufacture of furniture. The materials are classified into sessions such as Engineered wood, Metals, European hardwoods, plastics, Non-animal and animal.
I was most interested in plywood and acrylic as I noticed that both of these materials are variety used in school workshops, so I am pretty sure that I will be able to find these materials in the workshop tomorrow.
Plywood is a manmade board where it consists odd number of layers of laminated wood. The grain of each layer of veneer runs in the same direction. In plywood, the grains of each layer of veneer run perpendicular to each other. This cross graining makes plywood stronger than laminated wood. When the thin veneers are in pliable state, just after the glue is applied, plywood can be put in a mould to form 3-D shapes. However, once set, it cannot be moulded. Instead, shapes are cut from the flat sheet and then assembled.
Acrylics are thermoplastics. This means that, once set, they can be heated and re-shaped without losing their structure or strength. Excellent for moulding and casting, they are used structurally in furniture.Acrylic also comes in variety of colors, thickness and diameters, so it is ideal for adding colour to the furniture and making it look more interesting.
Amazing Glass: 15 Creative Uses of Glass in Architecture - See more at: http://www.thecoolist.com/glass-buildings-15-creative-uses-of-glass-in-architecture/#sthash.VKtj6fs3.dpuf
TABLE = CHEST Designed by Tomoko Azumi
Materials: Solid beech and beech veneer MDF
This is the first furniture that I saw when I entered the V&A furniture collection and yet it is my favourite!!! I like this furniture because it is a multi-functional and space saving furniture where once it's closed, it will form a neat cabinet with double-ended drawers. Open, it resembles a low Japanese writing table, used seated on the floor. Furthermore, I also love the motion of the unfolding movement between one state and the other, as it does not disturb the contents of the two drawers.
This design maximizes space-saving within a small home by incorporating the potential for various uses, which is what I needed for my room.
LOUVRE PYRAMID GALLERY
This large glass pyramid rises out of the square in front of the Louvre at a height of 70 feet, consisting of 673 glass section from tip to base. Visitors enter the pyramid to descend below-ground before ascending again into the main level of the museum.
Photochromic glass responds to light, or Thermochromic glass that responds to heat has been entered the construction industry. Although not et widely used in architecture, photochromic glass is used in aircrafts, vehicles, appliances and popular sunglasses and ski-goggles. These two smart materials will change the transparency of glass to opaque once light or heat has been applied.
TRANSPARENT POLYCARBONATE SKI LIFT CABIN
- excellent physical properties
- excellent toughness
- very good heat resistance
- fair chemical resistance
- moderate to high price
- fair processing
What is a glass fiber reinforced grade of polycarbonate?
The addition of glass fibers to polycarbonate significantly increases the tensile strength, flexural strength, flexural modulus, and heat deflection temperature of the polycarbonate while causing a decrease in the impact strength and tensile elongation. (See Glossary of Plastic Properties for an explanation of each term.) The greater the amount of glass fiber added to the polycarbonate, the greater the effect on each property will be.
Polymer technology and services: http://www.ptsllc.com/intro/polycarb_intro.aspx
NATIONAL GRAND THEATRE OF CHINA
It is a massive done of glass and titanium. Located not far from Tiananmen Square, Beijing, this glass building houses an opera, a theater and a music hall, combining to seat 5,452 guests at once. The dome is centered within an artificial lake, providing a reflective view of the dome from the street. Architect Paul Andreu has been a well-known proponent of glass in architecture, and the National Grand Theater is widely considered one of his greatest masterworks.
MATERIAL INNOVATIONS: TRANSPARENT
I read an article about the material innovations and what new technologies have been introduced to the architectural word. From this research, I noticed that there are many different types of techniques that have been applied to glass in order to improve its quality, properties and tensile strength.
How is polycarbonate used?
It can be injection molded, blow molded, and extruded and is an ideal engineering plastic with good electrical insulating properties, finding applications in electric meter housings and covers, casket hardware, portable tool housings, safety helmets, computer parts, and vandal-proof windows and light globes. The price of polycarbonate restricts its use to mainly engineering applications.
Other engineering applications include the following:
equipment housings, exterior automotive components, outdoor lighting fixtures, nameplates and bezels, non automotive vehicle windows, brackets and structural parts, medical supply components, plastic lenses for eyeglasses
THE NELSON-ATKINS MUSEUM OF ART
The new “Bloch Building” is clothed in frosted glass, illuminated from within with light from corner to corner. This makes the building standout even at night, and bring light/bright and liveliness to the environment surrounded.
One of the biggest advantages of polycarbonate is its impact strength. The following diagram compares the impact strength of polycarbonate to other commonly sold plastics.
Polycarbonate does have its disadvantages. It has only fair chemical resistance and is attacked by many organic solvents. It is also fairly expensive compared to other plastics. It has been as much as double the price of ABS. In applications where lower heat and impact are needed, ABS can be quite a bargain compared to polycarbonate.